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八年级下英语期末考点编——动词时态

来源:龙门尚学初中一对一辅导组 时间:2022-06-21

八下期末考查主要时态有:过去进行时与现在完成时,特别是现在完成时中对瞬间动词转化为延续性动词的考查。

——01 典型例题——

—Do you miss your parents in China? 【2021汉阳八下期末】—Very much. I __________my hometown for almost three years. A. left B. have left C. was away from D. have been away from 【答案】D

【解析】通过时间标志词for可以判断本题要采用现在完成时;for接一段时间不能与瞬间动词leave连用,要将它转化为延续性动词be away from。

——02 时间标志词——

在此, 对现在完成时“时间标志词”做一个总结:

for(+一段时间), since(+时间点), already, yet, just, before, ever,never, so far, recently, lately, up to now, (up) till now, twice, three times, in the past/last few days (years,weeks, months,etc)

——03 瞬间动词——

常见”瞬间动词”做一个总结:

趋向性动词:leave,return, come,go, arrive,reach,get, become, fall

借入(出):borrow,lend

买卖:buy,sell

死亡结婚出生:die,marry,bear

开始结束:begin/start,end/stop/finish

开关:open,close

其他:join,catch, make,worry, see, hear, etc.

并且附一个便于记忆瞬间动词的小口诀:

开始离去,借还结束,加入买卖,制作开关,出生入死。

——04 巩固训练——

1. —Is everybody here?【2021青山八下期末】 —Sorry, Jenny hasn’t come yet, but she__________very soon.

A. arrives

B. has arrived

C. arrived

D. will arrive

2. —I called you at nine yesterday but you didn’t answer it. 【2021青山八下期末】—Oh, I__________with a student in the classroom.

A. am talking

B. was talking

C. talk

D. talked

3. —Do you still play basketball?【2021武昌八下期末】 —Oh, no. I ___________ it for the past two years.

A. haven’t played

B. didn’t play

C. won’t play

D. don’t play

4. —Why hasn’t anyone come to the party? 【2021江汉八下期末】 —Oh my God! I __________ the wrong date in the invitation letters the other day.

A. wrote

B. have written

C. will write

D. am writing

5. —Has your father returned from the US? 【2021江汉八下期末】 —Not yet. He __________ there for almost two months because of COVID-19.

A. has gone

B. has been

C. has gone to

D. has been to

【参考答案】

1-5 DBAAB

——05 大羊先生说——

时态题型重要值:☆☆☆☆☆

时态题型难度值:☆☆☆

时态题型在九年级元调、四调、中考试卷中是必考题型,其中元调考试出现1-2题,四调、中考固定出现3题。

掌握各种常见时态的时间标志词,可以帮助搞定大部分题目的正确答案!

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