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中考英语知识点归纳:话题语法三

发布时间:2018-10-09 人气: 作者:龙门尚学

  5.若直接引语为一般疑问句(原为倒装语序),改为间接引语时要用陈述句的语序而且还要加连词if 或whether引出。注意whether后还可跟or或or nor ,但if 不能。Whether可用在介词后或带to的不定式前面,而if不能。但若宾语从句为否定句时,常用if而不用whether。
 
  He asked, "Are you a teacher or a student?"
 
  He asked me whether I was a teacher or a student.
 
  注:如果主句中的谓语为said,改为间接引语时要用asked,无间接宾语,要适当加一个me,us,him等。如:
 
  He said, " Are you ready?"
 
  He asked me if I was ready.
 
  6.若直接引语为特殊疑问句,间接引语就要使用疑问词引出,而且要用陈述句语序。
 
  "What are you doing here?" the guard said to us.
 
  The guard asked us what we were doing there.
 
  7.当直接引语为祈使句时,间接引语要改为带复合宾语(宾语+宾语补足语)的句子,宾补用不定式表示。
 
  即:ask (tell, order, beg, etc) someone (not) to do something。注意不要用said。
 
  "Don't mention it again," the said to her husband.
 
  She asked her husband not to mention it againUID303

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