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非限制性定语从句引导词

发布时间:2021-05-17 人气: 作者:龙门尚学

本文由龙门尚学取水楼校区黎老师整理,旨在让同学们对非限制性定语从句引导词有更深刻的了解。希望同学们能举一反三、融会贯通,这样会记忆的更加牢固。

1.非限制性定语从句不可用that引导,在非限制性定语从句中用who(作主语)/whom(作宾语)指人,用which(作主语/宾语)指物,用whose作定语(指人/物)。2.关系代词在非限制性定语从句中作宾语时不可省略,若指人时,只用whom,不必who。3.非限制性定语从句不可用why引导,需用forwhich替代why。

非限制性定语从句引导词

非限制性定语从句选择引导词的五个不能

一、非限制性定语从句不能用that引导。如:

1. I like the book, which was bought yesterday.我喜欢这本书,这是昨买的。

2. I like the book which/that was bought yesterday.我喜欢昨天买的那本书。

二、非限制性定语从句不能用why引导。要用for which替代why.如:

1. I had told them the reason, for which I didn’t attend the meeting.

我把理由通知了他们,为此我不必去闭会。

2. I had told them the reason why/for which I didn’t attend the meeting.

我通知了他们我不去闭会的理由。(限制性定语从句“the reason why…”是罕见搭配。)

三、非限制性定语从句置于主句前时,不能用which引导;关系代词as引导非限制性定语从句地位比拟灵敏,可以放主句前,也可以放主句后。如:

1. As I expected, he didn’t believe me.正如我所意料的,他不置信我。

2. She heard a terrible noise, which brought her heart into her mouth.

她听到一个可怕的声响,这让她把心都提到嗓子眼了。

四、非限制性定语从句由“介词+关系代词”引导时,其中的关系代词不能用as,如:

1. He bought the car for more than $20000, with which his father was angry.

他花2万多美元买了这辆车,他父亲对此很生气。

2. I finished my work ahead of time, after which I sat some time reading the newspaper.

我提早完成了我的活,随后我坐着看了一会儿报纸。

五、非限制性定语从句中指人的关系代词作宾语时,只能用宾格whom, 不能用who交换,也不能省略。如:

1. Do you know Tom, whom we talked about? 你看法汤姆吗?我们谈到过他。

2. This book, which you can get at any bookshop, will give you all the information you need.

这本书会给你提供一切你需求的材料,它在任何一家书店都能买到。(非限制性定语从句中引导词在从句中作宾语,无论指人,指事物都不能省略)

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